One of the biggest myths about intellectual property (IP) is that many think that they can get worldwide protection based on one application. First, there is no such thing as a worldwide patent, trademark or copyright. Each country has their own IP laws and protection must be sought in each country to have protection in the respective country.
In the US, patents protect inventions that are useful, novel and non-obvious. A US patent cannot be enforced in other countries. It is necessary to secure protection in each country. Often, inventors become familiar with foreign options when it is too late to file. A foreign application must be filed within ONE year of the first US filing date.
Because each country has their own laws, foreign counsel in each country is needed to ensure the application is prosecuted properly. Although a US patent attorney does not have jurisdiction in foreign countries, the US attorney typically has relationships with foreign counsel. To determine which country to get patents granted, consider where you are manufacturing the invention or where the invention is going to be sold. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was negotiated to facilitate the filing of foreign applications in foreign countries. Over 124 countries are part of the Treaty and when an application is designated as a PCT application, it is searched first by the selected Patent Office. The search report will give you the opportunity to abandon the application or to amend the application before paying fees to apply for a patent in a foreign country. If a PCT application is filed, you are given up to 30 months from the original US filing date to file in a foreign country.
Here are FIVE tips to protect your Intellectual Property Overseas:
1. Work with a qualified patent attorney to help you to create a plan regarding your patent application filings. This will help you to ensure you do not miss the deadline to file the application in a foreign country.
2. Ensure you are working with a reputable foreign manufacturer and ensure proper contracts are in place so that if a breach occurs, the contract can be enforced. Do not do handshake deals!
3. Work with qualified US and foreign counsel to draft appropriate contract language to ensure it is enforceable.
4. Record your US trademarks and copyrights with Customs and Border Protection; and
5. Be strategic about registering your patents, trademarks and copyrights in foreign markets where violations are common to ensure you have protection in place that can be enforced.
By Andrea Hence Evans, Esq.
The Law Firm of Andrea Hence Evans, LLC Intellectual Property Attorney – Patent, Trademark and Copyright Law